Museums Afghanistan

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Kabul Museum
Kabul Museum is the national museum of Afghanistan. It is a two-story building located in the historic city of Kabul. Its collection was once one of the finest in Central Asia with over 100,000 items dated back several millennial. The museum was founded in the 1920s. In 1973, a Danish Architect was hired to design a new building for the museum, but the plans were never carried out due to political instability.

Balkh Religious Museum
This museum of religious artifacts is located within the mosque and currently there is some question about who runs it. Both the Ministry of Haj and the Ministry of Culture and Youth Affairs claim responsibility for it. Examples of calligraphy and miniatures have been installed by the Monuments Department of the Ministry of Culture and Youth Affairs. A tomb contains the body of Hazrat Ali and members of the exalted royal families, Emir Sher Ali (1863-1879) and Mohammad Akbar Khan (1816-1845).

Balkh Provincial Museum
Prior to the conflicts Balkh had one of five provincial museums. The uprising in the provinces forced the Soviet regime to transfer its objects to Kabul for safety. They included artifacts from the region’s Islamic archaeological sites and some prehistoric bone artifacts. Objects that survived the rocket attacks in Kabul are still in the National Archives or the National Museum in Kabul. Once an inventory is done in Kabul, the museum is rebuilt and security is assured the artifacts will be returned to Balkh.

Ghazni Provincial Museum
Ghazni Provincial Museum was opened in 1966 within the Sultan Abdul Razaq Mausoleum complex and contained numerous marble carvings, some of animals, ceramic tiles and bronzes from the region, as well as pieces from the Ghaznavid Empire (977-1186). The uprising in the provinces forced the Soviet regime to transfer some of the objects to Kabul. Rumours persist that part of the collection is hidden and will be installed in the new museum when peace is restored.

Herat Provincial Military Museum
Newly built by Ismael Khan, this museum highlights the military victories of the Heratis in their numerous campaigns for freedom. Located in the Citadel, it is not accessible by the general public.

Herat Provincial Museum
This museum is located in the Arg or Citadel, which is also home to the military, and is thus not open to tourists. Artifacts from the Timurud and Kandaran civilisations were held here but objects depicting animals or people were destroyed during the Taliban regime. A new museum will open in 2003 in the centre of town near the cinema intersection.

National Art Gallery
The National Art Gallery was restored with the support of the Greek Government and re-opened in 2003. Knowledgeable curators are needed to repair damaged paintings and artifacts. When the Taliban was nearing victory in the takeover of the city, the Director realised that the paintings would be destroyed. He therefore called together artists, who painted over the animals and people with landscapes. Of the 800 paintings in his care only 50% were destroyed.

Kandahar Provincial Museum
Artifacts from the region housed in the museum included items from King Habibullah’s reign and coffins containing two funerary urns with gold leaves in the Greek style. The uprising in the provinces forced the Soviet regime to transfer some of the objects to Kabul. After taking the inventory in Kabul and rebuilding a museum in Kandahar the artifacts will be installed in the new museum.

OMAR Mine Museum
Located in Kabul, Afghanistan, the OMAR Mine Museum contains a collection of 51 types of land mines out of the 53 used in Afghanistan over the years. The collection includes unexploded ordnance, cluster bombs and airdrop bombs used by the U.S. invasion in 2002. OMAR stands for the Organization for Mine Clearance and Afghan Rehabilitation.